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HOME : Islamic Art : AS Collection 4 : Abbasid Gold Dinar Minted Under Al-Muqtadir
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Abbasid Gold Dinar Minted Under Al-Muqtadir - KA.107
Origin: Minted in Suq min al-Ahwaz
Circa: 929 AD to 930 AD
Dimensions: 1" (2.5cm) wide    4.1Grams
Collection: Numismatics
Medium: Gold

Additional Information: Dated 317 of the Hijrah calendar/AS
Location: Great Britain
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Circa: 929 AD to 930 AD Dimensions: 1" (2.5cm) wide 4.1Grams Abbasid Dynasty was an Arab family legendarily descending from Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas. The Abbasid Caliphate was the third of the four great Muslim caliphates of the Arab Empire, as it overthrew the Umayyad caliphs (661–750) from all but Al-Andalus and held the caliphate from 749 to 1258. Under the Abbasid caliphate, the focal point of Islamic political and cultural life shifted eastward from Syria to Iraq, where, in 762, Baghdad, was founded as the new capital and the centre of power moved there from Damascus. The Abbasids later also created another city north of Baghdad, called Samarra. The first three centuries of Abbasid rule were a golden age in which Baghdad and Samarra’ functioned as the cultural and commercial capitals of the Islamic world. During this period, a distinctive style emerged and new techniques were developed that spread throughout the Muslim realm and greatly influenced Islamic art and architecture. The early years of Abbasid rule were a magnificent era, rising to true splendor under Harun al-Rashid and to intellectual brilliance under his son al-Mamun. After less than a hundred years of rule, however, the slow decline of the Abbasids began, where long periods of disorder were marked by assassinations, depositions, control by Turkic military forces and similar incidents. In 836 the capital was transferred to Samarra, where it remained until 892. As many independent kingdoms sprang up and the empire was split into autonomous units, the power of the caliphate became chiefly spiritual under the later Abbasids and the Seljuk Turks came to hold the real power at Baghdad. Later their power dwindled even further and Abbasid rule came to an end in 1258, when Hulagu Khan, the Mongol conqueror, sacked and burned Baghdad. From then on until 1517 the Abbasids retained rather limited power though continued to claim authority in religious matters as caliphs of Egypt . In numerous cases where the quantity of different information sources is restricted, coins constitute a major body of historical, economic and artistic evidence, often outnumbering other groups of sources such as ceramics and inscriptions. Moreover coins automatically mirror the public sphere, and more than mere currency, coins are a symbol of the state that struck them, at a specific time and location. So coins are not only a source of economic history or just a medium for art work, but they can also give extensive information about - official - religion and cult, political thought, ideology and autonomous artistic features such as portraiture as well as monetary policy. These stunning hand-struck coins reveal an expertise of craftsmanship and intricate detail in the relief that is often lacking in contemporary machine-made currencies. These luminous gold dinars are a historical testament to the birth of the Islam, simultaneously reflecting the luxury and wealth of the Abbasid Dynasty. - (KA.107)


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