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HOME : Biblical Antiquities : Masterpieces of Biblical Art : Anthopomorphic Jar With Facial Features in Relief
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Anthopomorphic Jar With Facial Features in Relief - LO.1039
Origin: Anatolia
Circa: 2500 BC to 2000 BC
Dimensions: 4" (10.2cm) high
Collection: Biblical
Medium: Burnished Clay


Location: Great Britain
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Description
Vessel with piriform body, high neck with slightly everted rim and flat base. The protrusions on the body denoting breasts, while the two arms in relief are bent on the belly. Eyes and mouth are applied in relief below two horizontal continuous lines indicating eyebrows. A sharp flattened curved protuberance indicates the nose while the ears are flanges continuing into the arms. This type of antropomorphic vessel would have had either a discoid or curved lid with a small horn-shaped projection on the top.

This vase is a typical example of the anthropomorphic pottery from Troy, datable to the Early Bronze Age II-III (Troy II-V). Pottery with mould, incised or painted rendering of human features or full figures -for the most part female- constituted a special category of Early Bronze Age pottery thoughout the Aegean and western Anatolian world, with a particular significance, probably symbolic and a special use, possibly ritual.

For a comparable example see: J. Aruz ed., The Art of the First Cities, 2003: p. 274, no. 179. - (LO.1039)

 

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