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HOME : Near Eastern Art : Masterpieces : Elamite marble figure of a crouching monkey
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Elamite marble figure of a crouching monkey - LM.61
Origin: Central Asia
Circa: 2100 BC to 1500 BC

Collection: Near Eastern Art
Style: Elamite
Medium: Marble


Location: Great Britain
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Description
Elam was an ancient Pre-Iranian civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq. Elamite states were among the leading political forces of the Ancient Near East. In classical literature, Elam was also known as Susiana, which is a name derived from its capital, Susa. Elam was part of the early urbanization during the Chalcolithic period (Copper Age). The emergence of written records from around 3000 BC also parallels Sumerian history, where slightly earlier records have been found. Its culture played a crucial role during the Persian Achaemenid dynasty that succeeded Elam, when the Elamite language remained among those in official use. In accordance with geographical and archaeological matches, some historians argue that the Elamites comprise a large portion of the ancestors of the modern day Lurs,whose language, Luri, split from Middle Persian. - (LM.61)

 

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