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HOME : Biblical Antiquities : Archive : Three Bronze Coins of The High Priest--John Hyrcanus II
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Three Bronze Coins of The High Priest--John Hyrcanus II - FJ.5885
Origin: Israel
Circa: 76 BC to 40 BC

Collection: Jewish Coin Studs
Medium: Bronze/Gold


Additional Information: SOLD

Location: United States
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Description
With the decline in power of the ruling Seleucid dynasty of Syria in the second century B.C., the Hasmoneans began to assert a greater political independence for the Jewish people. Upon the death of Alexander Janaeus in 76 B.C., ids widow Salome Alexandra took over the reign of power. However, because a woman could not hold the office of high priest, Janaeus, john Hyrcanus II, gave tills title to her son. When Salome died in 67 B.C., a civil war broke out between Hyrcanus and ids brother Aristobulus II that lasted four years, until the Roman general Pompey intervened. Pompey then conquered Jerusalem but left the powers of john Hyrcanus as high priest intact. From tills time onward, the Romans took an active hand in the political affairs of Judea. One of john Hyrcanus' chief advisors was Antipater the Idumean, who saw that ids own son Herod was eventually installed on the throne after the death of Hyrcanus in 40 B.C. - (FJ.5885)

 

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