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HOME : Near Eastern Art : Cylinder Seals : Cylinder Seal
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Cylinder Seal - CK.0198
Origin: Central Asia
Circa: 2000 BC to 1200 BC
Dimensions: .625" (1.6cm) high
Collection: Near Eastern
Medium: Stone

Location: United States
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Cylinder seals are characteristic artifacts of ancient Mesopotamian civilization and are considered some of their finest artistic achievements. The seals first appear during the Protoliterate Period (around 3400–2900 B.C.), and, although the earliest examples were engraved with primarily geometric, magical, or animal patterns, later seals incorporated the owner's name and depicted a variety of motifs. Sometimes the elements were arranged in symmetrical, decorative patterns; often, however, an action was represented. Cylinder seals were employed in marking personal property and in making documents legally binding by rolling the seal across wet clay, thereby marking the unique “signature” engraved on the cylinder. Their fashioning and use were adopted by surrounding civilizations, such as those of Egypt and the Indus valley.

This seal depicts a standing figure making an offering to an enthroned figure, likely a ruler or deity, flanked by an attandent. Other various symbols fill the spaces in between. - (CK.0198)


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