Aromatic substances, and especially incense and
rosewater, have had a prominent role in the
Islamic world since the very beginning and still
do to this very day. In contrast to perfumes
applied in person, incense and rosewater were
also made part of the social rituals of everyday
life, either together or separately, a fact which
created a special demands for vessels into which
they were kept and used.
Perfume flask or Rosewater sprinkler (qumqum),
cast bronze with engraved decoration.
Globular body, resting on a slender medium-
heightl splayed base, sloping shoulder, short
waisted neck opening on the upper part and
adorned by a series of ribs below the rim. The
body is decorated with two round medallions,
each showing a peacock against scroll ground.
An epigraphic, benedictory band, written in
thuluth style runs around the neck.
Iran or Afghanistan, 9th or 10th century.