The Ottoman Empire was founded by
Osman I. As sultan Mehmed II conquered
1453, the state grew into a mighty empire.
The Empire reached its apex under
Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th
century when it stretched from the Persian
Gulf in the east to Hungary in the northwest;
and from Egypt in the south to the
Caucasus in the north. The empire came to
an end in the aftermath of its defeat by the
Allies in World War I. The empire, which was
much reduced over the centuries, both politically
and geographically, and was finally
dismantled by the Allies after the 1st World War
ended in 1918.