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HOME : Islamic Art : AS Collection : Richly decorated lead cast with Islamic inscriptions
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Richly decorated lead cast with Islamic inscriptions - MS.2042
Origin: Near East
Circa: 1100 AD to 1300 AD

Collection: Islamic Art


Additional Information: AS

Location: Great Britain
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Description
The artefact is a cast with the depiction of the wall in which a mihrab appears, thus a "Qibla wall". Mihrab is a semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the Qibla, the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca and hence the direction that Muslims should face when praying. The inscription around is composed of Qu'ranic verses and dates to the 13th century, corresponding more or less with the decline of the Islamic Golden Age. The Islamic Golden Age refers to a period in the history of Islam, traditionally dating from the 8th to the 13th century, during which much of the historically Islamic world was ruled by various caliphates and science, economic development and culture flourished. This period is traditionally understood to have begun during the reign of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (786 to 809) with the inauguration of the House of Wisdom in Baghdad, where scholars from various parts of the world with different cultural backgrounds were mandated to gather and translate all of the world's classical knowledge into the Arabic language. This period is traditionally said to have ended with the collapse of the Abbasid caliphate due to Mongol invasions and the Sack of Baghdad in 1258 AD. - (MS.2042)

 

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